Anemia: What It Is and How to Treat?

Anaemia may arise without giving account to the fact that it is. Know the symptoms and know how to take care of.

Anemia What It Is and How to Treat

Anemia arises when the values of hemoglobin are below what is considered normal, that is, when there is little production of red blood cells. This can be a result of genetic problems or by the lack of one or several nutrients, such as folic acid, vitamin B12, iron, protein or zinc. However, the iron deficiency anemia is the most common. Children, pregnant women, breast-feeding women, women with menstrual cycles that are long and abundant are the risk groups but men and the elderly can also be affected with anemia.The loss of blood, difficulty in absorbing iron, a diet low in vitamins and minerals, an increased need for iron (pregnancy), chronic diseases (diabetes, arthritis, cancer, etc.) or genetic causes (sickle cell anemia or thalassemia) can lead to anemia. The anaemia may be acute or chronic, depending on the time that is affected and the way that the anemia if you install in the body, being that in the first note more symptoms than in the past.


Iron is essential for our body, is part of the red blood cells, responsible for transporting the oxygen throughout the body. Now, if there is little iron, the amount of red blood cells is smaller, soon, the effort of the heart is greater to get the oxygen to the cells.

In addition to the red blood cells, iron is part of several cells, and is, also, responsible for helping the enzymes to extract the energy from food. Without iron to assist this process, feel more tired and worn out.


Because the iron is part of many cells, deficiency of this nutrient in the body is related to several physical and psychological symptoms that should be aware of. Because these symptoms are very generic, it is important that you analysis every year to detect, analyze and treat anemia as soon as possible. Take note of the symptoms of anaemia:

1. Fatigue
2. Attention-deficit
3. Heartbreak
4. Sadness
5. Lack of appetite
6. Numbness
7. Hair loss
8. Weak toenails
9. Pale skin
10. Weight loss
11. Lack of air
12. Dizziness
13. Fast heart rate


To treat anemia you need to know what the cause and, from there, move forward with the treatment. Once again, we remind you that visits to the doctor and regular scans are essential. In the case of an anemia for lack of iron, you may need to take iron supplements. In cases of greater severity, it is possible that the need for a blood transfusion.


A varied diet, balanced and healthy is the first step to prevent and treat anemia. Some foods are more rich in iron than others, as is the case of food of animal origin, whose iron is better absorbed by the body, such as red meat, offal (liver, kidneys, and heart), poultry, fish and seafood.

In foods of animal origin, prefer food of dark green leaves such as watercress or kale, legumes (beans, chickpeas, peas, etc.), walnuts, and chestnuts. But there is a trick to that the iron present in plant foods, is better absorbed by the body. To do so, should accompany with foods rich in vitamin like beet, broccoli, tomato, peppers, kiwi and citrus fruits.