Armenia has been getting more and more interesting for tourists in the Near East for some time. The location in the Caucasus gives Armenia a breathtaking panorama. Above all, it is individual travelers who explore the country in the middle of the mountains. You can be sure that you will be amazed by a wide variety of natural impressions when you travel through Armenia.
Secrets and world famous are the words that characterize a trip or vacation in Armenia and so you can look forward to a varied culture. One of the tourist highlights is the Historical Museum of Armenia in Yerevan. The art gallery comprises 16,000 different works. Here you can find one or two eyewitnesses from the Middle Ages.
Yerevan seems to be at the center of art, because in addition to a museum for modern art, there are a large number of small and sometimes private galleries.
Armenia was hit by a strong earthquake in 1988. The entire economic situation, which at the time was anything but stable, began to fluctuate. Numerous people and families in Armenia became homeless and had to live on the streets. When the USSR was disbanded, Armenia’s economy continued to decline, and it ended up in a severe crisis. There were serious problems as a change was made from the central administrative economy to the liberal market economy. But the relationship between supply and demand was wrong. And the salaries were not adjusted either. So more and more people became unemployed. Then there was the conflict with Azerbaijan, which was about Nagorno-Karabakh. After this long economic crisis, things started to pick up again in 1997. Armenia experienced its first economic growth after liberalization. In 2006 Armenia had returned to the 1988 level.
Area: 29,743 km² (land: 28,203 km², water: 1,540 km²)
Population: 3.0 million inhabitants (July 2011, COUNTRYAAH.COM). Armenians 97.9%, Yezidi (Kurds) 1.3%, Russians 0.5%, others 0.3% (2001 census).
Population density: 100 people per km²
Population growth: 0.063% per year (2011, CIA)
Capital: Yerevan (1.1 million inhabitants, 2006)
Highest point: River Aras on the border with Turkey, 380 m
Lowest point: Aragats Lerrnagagat, 4,090 m
Form of government: Armenia has been a presidential republic since 1991. Thenew
Constitution dates from 1995. The Armenian unicameral parliament is made up of 131 members.
Administrative division: 11 provinces (marzer, singular: marz): Aragatsotn, Ararat, Armavir, Geghark’unik ‘, Kotayk’, Lorri, Shirak, Syunik ‘, Tavush, Vayots’ Dzor and Yerevan
Prime Minister: Prime Minister Tigran Sargsjan, since April 9, 2008
Head of state: President Sersch Sargsjan, since April 9, 2008
Language: The official language in the country is Armenian, which is spoken by 97.7% of the population and is considered one of the world’s oldest cultural languages. Yezidi (Kurdish) (1%), Russian (0.9%) and other languages (0.4%) are also spoken (2001 census).
Religion: Mostly Armenian Orthodox (94.7%), other Christian churches 4%, Yezidi 1.3%. The Armenian Church is the oldest Christian church in the world.
Local time: CET + 2 h. Summer time from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October:
The time difference to Central Europe is +2 h all year round.
International dialing code: +374
Mains voltage: 220 V, 50 Hz. European 2-pin plugs are used
Armenia is located on the southern edge of the Little Caucasus at the transition between Asia Minor and Transcaucasia. The neighboring countries are Georgia in the north, Iran in the southeast, the Azerbaijan exclave Nakhichevan in the southwest, Turkey in the west and Azerbaijan in the east.
The territory of Armenia corresponds approximately to that of the German state Brandenburg.
Armenia consists largely of high mountainous areas, about 90% of the country’s surface is higher than 1,000 m, the average height is 1,800 m.
From the north, more than 3,000 m high foothills of the Little Caucasus reach Armenia. At 4,090 m, the Aragaz volcano, which is no longer active, is the highest peak in the country, and the lowest point at 380 m is reached on the Aras River on the border with Turkey.
The territory of Armenia is located on a fold mountain range, which continues to develop through the meeting of the Eurasian and Arab continental plates. Due to the ongoing tectonic activity, the area is very vulnerable to earthquakes. The rock is largely volcanic.
The largest body of water in Armenia with around 940 square kilometers of water is Lake Sevan, located in the east of the capital Yerevan, at an altitude of around 1,900 meters. In the past, the lake area was larger than 1,262 km2, 1984), due to the withdrawal of water it has shrunk considerably. The longest rivers in the country are Aras, Vorotan and Kazakh.
This map of the population distribution in Armenia was created by the Worldmapper team. Densely populated areas appear bloated, the area of sparsely populated areas is reduced. The shape of the grid has been preserved; an underlying map with the original geographical extent helps interpret the map. The distorted map should help to present abstract statistical information clearly.
Although Armenia is located in the subtropical climate zone, regional climates are different due to the large differences in altitude (the highest point in the country, Aragaz at 4,090 m and the lowest point, Aras Valley, 380 m, are only at a distance of about 80 km).
Most of Armenia has a dry mountain climate with the exception of the more humid areas in Lori, Tavush and Syunik. The maximum temperatures in July reach 34 ° C. The wettest season is between November and April / May, but the exact time differs from region to region.
Armenia’s mountain ranges create a wide range of local climates. Temperatures in August in Yerevan can reach 40 ° C, at the same time it can be damp and foggy in Dilijan, only 120 km away.
Two major factors affect the climate: on the one hand, the nearby seas have a balancing effect, while on the other hand, the high mountains favor extreme fluctuations. However, the Caucasus also acts as protection against strong northern cold snaps. The climate in the lowlands and valleys is continental, the summer maximum temperatures are usually above 30 ° C. The mountains are generally a bit cooler, the border region with Iran is dry and typically subtropical.