Azerbaijan Country Facts

Azerbaijan is a country with many different facets, between the Caspian Sea and the Caucasus. Above all, it is the culture that can attract more and more people to Azerbaijan. Today, the country can refer to many people who have gained importance internationally. Azerbaijan is also increasingly developing into a country for individual vacations, and it has above all scenic beauties to offer.

If you want to encounter traditional Azerbaijan, you should go to the small villages, modernity is still a foreign word for many of the people living there. But a trip to the national cuisine should not be missing on a trip to Azerbaijan. Already with the first bites you will notice that the cuisine of Azerbaijan is very similar to the cuisine of Turkey.

On an area of ​​86,600 square kilometers, tourists are offered numerous attractive leisure activities. Azerbaijan also has great opportunities for hiking. A walk through the villages, which seem mostly historical to Europeans, gives you an idea of ​​everyday life in Azerbaijan. Much is still done by hand here and people usually lead simple lives.
The Caspian Caucasus is one of the popular travel and hiking areas for visitors to Azerbaijan. The Talysch Mountains, on the other hand, are not recommended for inexperienced hikers, because they sometimes have steep climbs and vertical meters of up to 4,466 meters that have to be overcome. The border to the Iran.
The Sarisu is the largest natural lake in Azerbaijan and also a popular travel and excursion destination, not only for tourists but also for locals.

Azerbaijan is arguing with Armenia over the Nagorno-Karabakh region. Today it belongs to Armenia, but Azerbaijan is also making its claims.

Azerbaijan Country Facts

Area: 86,600 km² (land: 82,629 km², water: 3,971 km²)

Population: 8.4 million inhabitants (July 2011, COUNTRYAAH.COM). Azerbaijanis (Azeri) 90.6%, Dagestani 2.2%, Russians 1.8%, Armenians (who almost all live in Nagorny-Karabakh) 1.5%, others 3.9% (1999 census)

Population density: 97 people per km²

Population growth: 0.846% per year (2011, CIA)

Capital: Baku (1.1 million inhabitants, 2006)

Highest point: Bazardüzü Dagi, 4,485 m

Lowest point: Caspian Sea, -28 m

Form of government: Azerbaijan has been a presidential republic since 1995, the constitution dates from the same year. The parliament is made up of 125 members. The Nagorny-Karabakh Autonomous Region and the Nakhchivan Autonomous Republic have their own legislature and executive, but are part of the territory of Azerbaijan. On October 18, 1991, Azerbaijan declared its independence from the Soviet Union.

Administrative division: 59 districts(rayonlar, singular: rayon): Abseron Rayonu, Agcabadi Rayonu, Agdam Rayonu, Agdas Rayonu, Agstafa Rayonu, Agsu Rayonu, Astara Rayonu, Balakan Rayonu, Barda Rayonu, Beylaqan Rayonu, Bilasuvar Rayonu, Dasayayabadayonu, Cabrayilabadonu Davaci Rayonu, Fuzuli Rayonu, Gadabay Rayonu, Goranboy Rayonu, Goycay Rayonu, Haciqabul Rayonu, Imisli Rayonu, Ismayilli Rayonu, Kalbacar Rayonu, Kurdamir Rayonu, Lacin Rayonu, Lankaran Rayonu, Lerik Rayonuonon, Qallu Rayonu, Mason, Qax Rayonu, Qazax Rayonu, Qobustan Rayonu, Quba Rayonu, Qubadli Rayonu, Qusar Rayonu, Saatli Rayonu, Sabirabad Rayonu, Saki Rayonu, Salyan Rayonu, Samaxi Rayonu, Samkir Rayonu, Samux Rayonu, Tiyarazan Rayonu, Susi Rayonu, Susi Rayonu, Ucar Rayonu, Xacmaz Rayonu, Xanlar Rayonu, Xizi Rayonu, Xocali Rayonu, Xocavand Rayonu,Yardimli Rayonu, Yevlax Rayonu, Zangilan Rayonu, Zaqatala Rayonu and Zardab Rayonu
11 cities (saharlar, singular sahar): Ali Bayramli Sahari, Baki Sahari, Ganca Sahari, Lankaran Sahari, Mingacevir Sahari, Naftalan Sahari, Saki Sahari, Sumqayit Sahari, Susa Sahari, Xankandi Sahari and Yevlax Sahari

an autonomous republic (muxtar respublika): Naxcivan Muxtar Respublikasi

Prime Minister: Prime Minister Artur Rasizade, since November 4, 2003

Head of state: President Ilcham Alijew, since October 15, 2003

Language: The official language in the country is Azerbaijani, which is spoken by 90.3% of the population. Dagestani (2.2%), Russian (1.8%) and Armenian (1.5%) are also spoken. Other languages: 3.9% (1999 census).

Religion: 93.4% Muslims (about two thirds Sunnis and one third Shiites), 2.5% Russian Orthodox, 2.3% Armenian Orthodixes, 1.8% others.

Local time: CET + 3 h. Summer time is valid from the last Sunday in March to the last Sunday in October: CET +4 h.
The time difference to Central Europe is +3 h all year round.

International dialing code: +994


Mains voltage: 220 V, 50 Hz. European, 2-pin plugs are used.


The Caucasus Republic of Azerbaijan is at the transition between Europe and Asia. The neighboring countries are Iran, Armenia, Georgia and the Russian Federation (Dagestan). In the Azerbaijan Exclave Autonomous Republic of Nakhichevan there is an 11 km long border with Turkey.

Azerbaijan is separated into two parts of the country by Armenia, the smaller, western area (Autonomous Republic of Nakhichevan) is in the Little Caucasus, the larger, eastern area extends from the Greater Caucasus via the Muganskaya Ravnina steppes to the Caspian Sea. The highest peaks in Azerbaijan are the Bazardüzü (4,485 m) and the Chess Day (4,243 m).


Azerbaijan occupies an area of ​​86,600 sq km, 5,500 sq km of which is for the Autonomous Republic of Nakhichevan. About 15% of the country’s territory is occupied by Karabakh Armenians, including Nagorno-Karabakh and its links to Armenia.

The largest lake with 67 square kilometers of water is the Sarisu. The Kura is the longest river with 1,515 km, it flows into the Caspian Sea. The islands of Pirallahı and Cilov in the Caspian Sea also belong to Azerbaijan. Several oil deposits have been discovered on the Abşeron peninsula.

About half of Azerbaijan’s area is used by arable land, forest covers 11.5% of the area, water 1.6%.

Population in Azerbaijan

This map of Azerbaijan population distribution was created by the Worldmapper team. Densely populated areas appear bloated, the area of ​​sparsely populated areas is reduced. The shape of the grid has been preserved; an underlying map with the original geographical extent helps interpret the map. The distorted map should help to present abstract statistical information clearly.

Azerbaijan Population by Year (Historical)