The Palestine region lies on the southeastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea and describes areas in what is now Israel, the Golan, Gaza Strip, the West Bank and Jordan. The provisional capitals are Gaza and Ramallah.
The Palestinian-Israeli conflicts are still evident on the Gaza Strip. But there is also another Gaza with modern hotel complexes and restaurants on the coast, which with its kilometers of white sandy beaches is considered one of the most beautiful in the eastern Mediterranean.
But that’s not all that draws visitors to the promised land. The traces of earlier civilizations, which go back to the 4th millennium BC, can be found here in a very small space. Hebron, one of the oldest cities in the world, is located on four hills south of Jerusalem. People lived here 6,000 years ago. The small town of Beit Hanoun is located a few kilometers behind the Erez checkpoint. In memory of the victory over the crusaders, the Mamluk emir Shams ad-Din Sunqur had the al-Nasr mosque built in 1239.
Palestine is a country of interesting landscapes and diverse cultures. This offers visitors numerous opportunities to discover Palestine in their own way. The inscriptions of Asarhaddon and Assurbanipal are one of the most important legacies from times past. They are translated “12 kings of the sea lands”. This term is used for the countries of Edom, Moab and Judah. The alliance of the 12 kings of the Meerlanders fought among other things against Assyien.
Many sociologists have dealt with the development of the groups of people living in Palestine. Among other things, it was Emile Durkheim who examined the societies of pre-state Isreal. The special thing was that these peoples had no social leadership or leadership. Rather, they lived in tribal associations whose members were surprisingly equivalent. A large community emerged from these peer positions.
Area: 6,220 km² (Gaza: 360 km², West Bank: 5,860 km²).
Population: 4.23 million (Gaza: 1.66 million, West Bank: 2.57 million, July 2011, COUNTRYAAH.COM)
Population density: 679 people per km² (Gaza: 4,603 people per km², West Bank: 438 people per km²)
Population growth: 2.531% per year (Gaza 3.201% per year, West Bank: 2.097% per year, 2011, CIA)
Capital: provisional Gaza (approx. 400,000 inhabitants) and Ramallah (57,000 inhabitants, 2003), East Jerusalem is claimed as the actual capital.
Highest point: Gaza: Abu ‘Awdah (Joz Abu’ Auda), 105 m; West Bank: Tall Asur, 1,022 m
Lowest point: Gaza: Mediterranean, 0 m; West Bank: Dead Sea, -408 m
Form of government: The idea of a future state of Palestine was proclaimed by Yasser Arafat on November 14, 1988 and recognized by 108 states.
Prime Minister: Prime Minister Rami Hamdallah, since June 6, 2013
Head of state: President Mahmus Abbas, since January 15, 2005
Language: Arabic. Hebrew is spoken by Israeli settlers and understood by numerous Palestinians. English is also widely understood.
Religion: Gaza: Muslims 99.3% (especially Sunnis, Christians 0.7%.
West Bank: Muslims 75% (mainly Sunnis), Jews 17%, Christians and others 8%.
International calling code: +970
Mains voltage: 220 V, 50 Hz
The Palestinian Authority is made up of settlements in the West Bank and Gaza Strip, separated by Israel. The majority of the population is provided by Muslim Arabarn, especially in the West Bank there is a minority of Jewish settlers. Apart from Israel and the areas occupied by Israel in the West Bank, Palestine in the western Gaza Strip is bordered by Egypt. There is access to the Mediterranean Sea. In addition, the Palestinian Authority claims control over the border with Jordan (which is currently controlled by Israel).
Palestine (Gaza and West Bank) climate
The summer in the West Bank is long and warm. The southern areas around Hebron can reach 35 °C in August, in the north it will be a little cooler. Winters can be cold and wet in Palestine, although snow is rare. Spring and autumn bring pleasant weather with maximum values of around 23 ° C. The Gaza Strip suffers from high humidity in midsummer, but is pleasant for the rest of the year.