Geography of Greenwood County, South Carolina

Geography of Greenwood County, South Carolina

Greenwood County, located in the western part of South Carolina, is a region of diverse landscapes, rich history, and vibrant communities. Encompassing an area of approximately 463 square miles, Greenwood County is bordered by Abbeville County to the west, Laurens County to the east, McCormick County to the southwest, and Newberry County to the north. Its geography includes rolling hills, fertile plains, winding rivers, and scenic lakes. Let’s explore the geography, climate, rivers, lakes, and other aspects that define Greenwood County.┬áCheck foodezine to learn more about the state of South Carolina.


Greenwood County’s topography is characterized by its rolling hills and fertile plains, with elevations ranging from around 400 feet above sea level in the eastern part of the county to over 900 feet above sea level in the western part. The county is part of the Piedmont region of South Carolina, which is known for its gently sloping terrain and rich soils.

The landscape of Greenwood County is predominantly rural, with small towns and communities scattered throughout the countryside. Agriculture is a major industry in the region, with crops such as cotton, soybeans, corn, and peaches being grown in abundance. The county’s fertile soils and favorable climate make it ideal for farming, and agriculture is an important economic driver in the region.

In addition to its agricultural areas, Greenwood County is also home to several parks, nature preserves, and recreational areas, which offer opportunities for outdoor recreation and relaxation. These include Lake Greenwood State Park, Ninety Six National Historic Site, and the Sumter National Forest, which provide residents and visitors with opportunities for hiking, picnicking, fishing, and wildlife viewing.


Greenwood County experiences a humid subtropical climate, with hot, humid summers and mild, wet winters. Summers are typically long and warm, with average high temperatures ranging from the low 80s to the low 90s Fahrenheit. Humidity levels are often high during the summer months, but occasional thunderstorms can bring relief from the heat.

Winters in Greenwood County are generally mild and wet, with average low temperatures dropping into the 30s and 40s Fahrenheit. Snowfall is rare in the county, but when it does occur, it is usually light and melts quickly. Winter storms, including rainstorms and occasional ice storms, can disrupt travel and outdoor activities.

Spring and fall are transitional seasons characterized by mild temperatures and variable weather conditions. Spring brings blooming flowers and the return of greenery, while fall showcases vibrant foliage as the leaves of deciduous trees change colors before winter sets in.

Rivers and Lakes:

Greenwood County is intersected by several rivers and creeks, which play a vital role in the region’s ecosystem and economy. The most significant river in the county is the Saluda River, which flows from north to south through the eastern part of the county. The Saluda River serves as a major water source for the region and provides habitat for a variety of fish and wildlife species.

In addition to the Saluda River, Greenwood County is also home to several smaller rivers and streams, including the Little River, the Long Cane Creek, and the Turkey Creek. These waterways provide important habitat for native fish and wildlife species and offer opportunities for fishing, kayaking, and canoeing.

While Greenwood County does not have any natural lakes of significant size, there are several man-made reservoirs and ponds scattered throughout the region. Lake Greenwood, located in the western part of the county, is one of the largest reservoirs in the region and a popular destination for fishing, boating, and water sports.

Forests and Wildlife:

Greenwood County is home to extensive forests, which cover a significant portion of its land area. The county’s forests are predominantly composed of pine and hardwood trees, including oak, hickory, and maple, as well as a variety of shrubs and understory vegetation. These forests provide habitat for a diverse array of wildlife, including white-tailed deer, wild turkey, squirrels, and numerous bird species.

The Sumter National Forest, located in the northern part of Greenwood County, is one of the county’s most significant natural attractions. The forest encompasses over 370,000 acres of public land, providing residents and visitors with opportunities for hiking, camping, hunting, fishing, and wildlife viewing. The forest is also home to several designated wilderness areas, including the Parsons Mountain and Turkey Creek Wilderness Areas, which offer remote and pristine environments for outdoor enthusiasts to explore.


In conclusion, Greenwood County, South Carolina, is a region of natural beauty, agricultural abundance, and outdoor recreation opportunities. From its rolling hills and fertile plains to its winding rivers and scenic lakes, Greenwood County offers a tranquil and picturesque setting for residents and visitors alike. Whether exploring the forests, fishing in the rivers and lakes, or hiking through the parks, Greenwood County is a place where nature thrives and outdoor adventures await.